# 手势是一种强大的工具,孩子# 8217年代数学学习

Children who use their hands to gesture during a math lesson gain a much deeper understanding of the concepts and methods discussed， according to new research from University of Chicago’s Department of Psychology。

It’；s already a pretty much accepted fact that gesturing accentuates children learning –； it was already established by several studies that gestures help children learn –； and many believe the same goes for scientists。 This study in particular was designed to answer whether abstract gesture can support generalization beyond a particular problem and whether abstract gesture is a more effective teaching tool than concrete action。

“We found that acting gave children a relatively shallow understanding of a novel math concept， whereas gesturing led to deeper and more flexible learning，” explained the study’s lead author， Miriam A。 Novack， a PhD student in psychology。

In order to verify this idea， researchers taught third-grade children a strategy for solving one type of mathematical equivalence problem， for example， 4 + 2 + 6 = ____ + 6。 They also gave them a few similar problems to verify their understanding。

Then， they randomly assigned 90 children into three different groups: in the first one， they used different kinds of physical interaction with the material。 They had， for example， magnets with numbers， and they had to place the magnets on a whiteboard to solve the problems。 The second group mimed that action without actually touching the tiles， and a third group was taught to use abstract gestures with their hands to solve the problems。 For example， they were taught to make a V gesture with their fingers under two of the numbers， metaphorically grouping them， followed by pointing a finger at the blank in the equation。

本文源自: 环亚娱乐

- 上一篇：战斗冬季抑郁
- 下一篇：软件使电话图片更清晰、更不改变硬件