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手势是一种强大的工具,孩子# 8217年代数学学习

发布时间:2018-09-17 08:06 作者:admin 来源: 点击: 字号:

Children who use their hands to gesture during a math lesson gain a much deeper understanding of the concepts and methods discussed, according to new research from University of Chicago’s Department of Psychology。

It’;s already a pretty much accepted fact that gesturing accentuates children learning –; it was already established by several studies that gestures help children learn –; and many believe the same goes for scientists。 This study in particular was designed to answer whether abstract gesture can support generalization beyond a particular problem and whether abstract gesture is a more effective teaching tool than concrete action。

“We found that acting gave children a relatively shallow understanding of a novel math concept, whereas gesturing led to deeper and more flexible learning,” explained the study’s lead author, Miriam A。 Novack, a PhD student in psychology。

In order to verify this idea, researchers taught third-grade children a strategy for solving one type of mathematical equivalence problem, for example, 4 + 2 + 6 = ____ + 6。 They also gave them a few similar problems to verify their understanding。

Then, they randomly assigned 90 children into three different groups: in the first one, they used different kinds of physical interaction with the material。 They had, for example, magnets with numbers, and they had to place the magnets on a whiteboard to solve the problems。 The second group mimed that action without actually touching the tiles, and a third group was taught to use abstract gestures with their hands to solve the problems。 For example, they were taught to make a V gesture with their fingers under two of the numbers, metaphorically grouping them, followed by pointing a finger at the blank in the equation。

本文源自: 环亚娱乐

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